Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) (buffer/diuretic)

Traditionally used as a diuretic, help to lower cholesterol and also used for bad breath, sore or achy joints, imbalanced skin conditions. Has a buffering (alkalising)  effect in the Gastrointestinal Tracts. May increase immune system functionality.  The alfalfa plant is naturally high in many essential vitamins, including A, D, E, K, including the full family of B vitamins.

Astralagus (Astragalus membranaceas ) (Tonic-Restorative) 

The biological effects of Astragalus have been investigated in several animal models of kidney disease .The results (published in Kidney International) from these studies suggest that Astragalus treatment reduces proteinuria and attenuates kidney injury. These effects are associated with inactivation of free radicals, inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis, and reduction of tumour necrosis factor-α production (Zhong:Deng:Chen:Chaung:Kidney Int.2013;84(6):1108-1118.)

 Bladderack (Fucus vesiculosus)(Tonic)

Traditionally used for conditions associated with the thyroid- supported scientifically with the discovery of Kelps high Iodine content.  Bladderwrack is thought to stimulate the thyroid which boosts metabolism. Also, traditionally used for rheumatic conditions, including arthritis. Thought by the Benedictines to tone muscle fibres, to act powerfully on the glandular system as a depurative, to reduce renal congestion and inflammation of the bladder.

Blue Flag (Iris versicolor) ( Cholegogue / Alterative) 

Traditionally used for liver dysfunction, chronic liver disorders including hepatitis, jaundice, poor gallbladder function, and digestive disorders related to poor liver function including constipation. Also used to support the Thyroid -thought to act through detoxification of environmental toxins.

Buchu (Agathosma betulina) (Alterative)

Traditionally used for inflammation of the mucous membranes of the lower urinary tract and prostate, urinary discharges and urinary gravel. Also incontinence associated with a diseased prostrate.

Burdock (Arctium lappa) (Alterative)

Traditionally used for skin eruptions, eczema, venereal, boils, styes and long term use for psoriasis. Also traditionally used for rheumatism. Known as one of the best ‘blood purifiers’.

“Dorothy Hall (1988) recommends burdock for conditions where the skin is broken open and weeping an exudate”.

Cactus (Selenicereus grandiflorus) (Nervine-Cardiac regulator)

Traditionally used as a Diuretic, as a Sedative, and for Cardiac support. Christopher Columbus brought this curative plant to Europe in the 15th Century; In the 19th century, an Italian physician and medical director of the homeopathic hospital Santa Maria della Cesarea near Naples discovered that a tincture of the night blooming cereus had an antispasmodic effect on the coronary arteries and improved blood supply to the heart. He published his research in the British Journal of Homeopathy.

Chamomile (Matricara chamomilla) (Nervine / Carminative)

Traditionally used for  soothing and relaxing both nervous and digestive systems, supporting nervous disorders of the emotional kind and of the stomach and bowel, and provides the body with a number of phytonutrients that are relaxing, antispasmodic and anti-allergenic, along with traces of calcium and magnesium.

Comfrey (Symphytom officinale) (Anodyne-Cell Proliferant)

Traditionally known by the name ‘Knitbone’ because it was known to speed the healing of broken bones. We now know this is due to the high level of Allantoin – a synthetic version of this is now widely used in skin treatments.  Comfrey was also used for ulcers and irritations of the Gut due to the mucilaginous factor.

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) (Cholegouge)

Traditionally used for cholecystitis, gallstones, jaundice, sluggishness and enlargement of the liver or spleen, impaired digestion, constipation. A traditional digestive bitter tonic. High in vitamins and minerals including Vit A and Choline- essential for liver function.

Devils Claw (Harpagophytum procumbens) ( Anodyne)

Traditionally used for chronic pain, rheumatic and arthritic conditions, osteoarthritis, tendinitis, bursitis and some digestive disorders. In Vitro studies are now demonstrating the analgesic effects of this herb , supporting the traditional usage.

Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) (Alterative)

Traditionally used for supporting the immune system. Used to treat infections, boils, abscesses, septicaemia, gangrene, eczema, psoriasis and wounds. Indicated where pus is present. Increases many of the “ white” blood cell required for immune response so is contra indicated for leukaemia. (Dorothy Hall)

Elecampane (Inula helenium) (expectorant)

Traditionally used for “coughs, consumption and other pulmonary complaints, being a favourite domestic remedy for bronchitis. It has been employed for many years with good results in chest affections, for which it is a valuable medicine as it is in all chronic diseases of the lungs asthma and bronchitis. It gives relief to the respiratory difficulties and assists expectoration”  (Mrs M Grieve, A Modern Herbal).

Euphorbia (Euphorbia pilulifera) (anti-anaphylaxis)

Traditionally used for the treatment of sub-acute and chronic inflammation of the respiratory duct. “The decoction is taken in asthmatic conditions, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema, the tincture being used in coryza and hay fever” (Mrs M Grieve, A Modern Herbal)

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) (aromatic, carminative, purgative)

Historically grown for the medicinal use of its seed, Fennel was largely cultivated in the south of France, Saxony, Galicia, and Russia, as well as in India and Persia. Traditionally used for flatulent colic, carminative (improve blood supply), appetite stimulating, spasmolytic, galactagogue, estrogen modulating, antimicrobial and expectorant. Used by Dorothy Hall as the key pancreatic tonic, particularly useful for diabetic type II .

Garlic (Allium sativum)  (antibacterial,anti fungal, alterative, anti-parasitic)

Traditionally used for (Alterative) infections. One of the most widely used herbs for detoxifying the blood. Also is known traditionally for its anti- viral, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-parasitic properties. An incredibly useful herb- particularly in Galenical preparations.

Guaiacum (Guaiacum sanctum)

Traditionally- Especially useful for rheumatoid arthritis, also in chronic rheumatism and gout, relieving the pain and inflammation between the attacks, and lessening their recurrence if doses are continued (Mrs M Grieves, A Modern Herbal).

Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) (circulation tonic-anti oxidant)

Traditionally used as a heart tonic- is known to contain cardiac glycosides which directly nourish the heart muscle. Also thought to improve the blood supply to the heart muscle. High in bioflavonoids (anti-oxidants) .

Horsetail (Equisetum arvense) (Alterative)

Traditionally used for detoxifying the blood of impurities. High in silica, useful for bone and connective tissue health.

Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster) (Tonic)

Traditionally was used for scurvy. High in Bio-flavonoids. A  Super anti-oxidant and circulatory protective.  Is thought to have anti-inflammatory, anti-aging and anti-cancer properties. Studies done in Australia in early 2000's demonstrated a 20% improvement in the cognition of dementia patients. Other thermal imaging techniques have shown improvements in balancing the activity of the nerve pathways in the left and right hemispheres. (The Brain that Changes itself) 

Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) (Nervine)

Traditionally used for complaints of the female variety- thought to have brought on menses, aid in the breakdown of urinary crystals and as nervous system tonic. Dorothy Hall used this herb specifically for its benefits in nervous system disorders- specifically for strengthening dendrite/axon connection. For this reason it is used in mixtures for seizures and brain damage. (Cox-McDowell)

Mistletoe (Viscum album) (Nervine,Cardiotonic, Hypotensive, Diuretic and Alterative).

Traditionally used for Indicated for use in cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and some nervous conditions. A very useful and important herb historically. Commonly used for mammary gland cancers and lymphatic cancers.   (Culpeper-Hall-McDowell-Cox)

"Mistletoe was held in great reverence by the Druids. They went forth clad in white robes to search for the sacred plant, and when it was discovered, one of the Druids ascended the tree and gathered it with great ceremony, separating it from the Oak with a golden knife. The Mistletoe was always cut at a particular age of the moon, at the beginning of the year, and it was only sought for when the Druids declared they had visions directing them to seek it. When a great length of time elapsed without this happening, or if the Mistletoe chanced to fall to the ground, it was considered as an omen that some misfortune would befall the nation. The Druids held that the Mistletoe protected its possessor from all evil, and that the oaks on which it was seen growing were to be respected because of the wonderful cures which the priests were able to effect with it. They sent round their attendant youth with branches of the Mistletoe to announce the entrance of the new year. It is probable that the custom of including it in the decoration of our homes at Christmas, giving it a special place of honour, is a survival of this old custom." (M Grive-a Modern Herbal)

Nettle (Urtica dioca) ( Tonic-Alterative)

Traditionally used for blood tonic. High in bio available iron, rich in vitamins and minerals. Used also as an expectorant for the lungs, homoeopathically is used for eczema. (Culpeper’s Herbal )

Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata) (Nervine)

Traditionally used for nervous system support and sleep aid.

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) (Nervine, Tonic, Emeneagogue) 

Traditionally used for stomach complaints and to help bring on menses. Dorothy Hall said Parsley as one of the best herbs to use in times of critical health and stress of the Central Nervous System. Herbal extracts are made from the root.

Red clover (Trifolium pratense) (Aleterative)

Traditionally used for clearing the blood of bacterial/viral waste , excess hormones and aids in the breakdown of cyst walls.(Hall) Commonly used in herbal prescriptions for menopause.

Rosehips (Rosa canina) (Tonic)

Traditionally used for kidney and liver support. Indicated for use in many complaints- arthritis, urinary tract health, and general immune booster.Commonly used for its high levels of anti oxidants, easing inflammation in arthritic conditions. 

Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens) (Tonic)

Traditionally used for supporting muscle weakness. Dorothy Hall used this herb specifically for sphincters- Prostate and Bladder. Commonly used to improve physical strength and stamina. 

Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) (Nervine, Anodyne)

Traditionally used for nervous disorders and pain relief.

Siberian ginseng (Eleutheroccus senticosus) (Tonic/stimulant)

Traditionally used as a pick me up- an adrenal tonic and hypothalamus support. Gives wonderful clean energy response, unlike Caffeine, which is overly stimulating.

Thuja (Thuja occidentalis) (Anti –fungal)

Traditionally used topically for fungal infections. Internal use is limited to small trigger doses only.

Tumeric (Curcuma longa) (Anodyne/anti-cancer)

Traditionally used in Ayurveda cooking, a wonderful herb gaining recognition worldwide for its anti-inflammatory effects.

St Mary's Thistle (Silybum marianum) (cholegogue-tonic)  

An native of India and Pakistan, is one of the most studied of herbs for the liver, demonstrating significant hepatoprotective factors.

In animal studies, milk thistle protects liver cells against a variety of hepatoxins, including drugs (such as acetaminophen and amitriptyline), toxins, viruses and radiation. It scavenges free radicals, blocks toxin entry into cells, inhibits inflammation and stimulates liver regeneration :  Woods-LaVoie, Patricia, Better Nutrition, Sep2000,

Uva Ursi (Arctostaphlos uva-ursi) (Tonic/diuretic)

Known also as Bearberry, Traditionally used for Urinary tract and Kidney disorders. Is thought to stimulate Kidney function.  

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) (Nervine)

Traditionally used for nervous system disorders- specifically tight muscles and cramping. Can aid peristalsis, and sleep.

Vervain (Verbena officinalis) (Nervine/anti-anaphalxis)

Traditionally used for nervous system disorders. (McDowells used this herb with chamomile in all cases of allergy)

Violet leaves (Viola odorata) ( Alterative)

Traditionally used for lymphatic congestion – specifically indicated in lymphatic cancer. (Dorothy Hall)

White Willow (Salix Alba) (Anodyne)

Traditionally used for pain relief. Indicated specifically in cases of injury and arthritis. (Hall-Cox-McDowell)

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) (Tonic, Styptic and Expectorant)

Traditionally used for lung and capillary health. Thought to also encourage red blood cell production as it is thought to encourage bone marrow health.(Dorothy Hall)

Zizyphus (Zizyphus jujuba) (Nervine, calming, sedative)

Traditionally used for anxiety, sleeplessness.